Several methods are used to locate leaks on water distribution systems, each with its own advantages and limitations. The choice of the method depends on factors such as the type of pipe, the water pressure, the expected location of the leak, the area to be inspected and the resources available. Traditional technologies for leak location include acoustic leak detection methods, visual inspection, thermal imaging and the use of ground penetrating radars. While there are several methods available, not all of them are suitable for all situations.
Locating leaks in very deep pipes can be difficult. Loud background noise can interfere with the detection of acoustic signals, and most of the technologies used are not sensitive enough to detect small leaks. Professional leak detection services typically use a combination of these technologies to effectively locate and repair water pipe leaks.